Non-fixed VoIP numbers are essentially virtual numbers that are not associated with the holder's physical address. Known as virtual phone numbers, they can be from any USA area code or other country. They can be associated with any geographical location. Some frequently point to another number and usually terminate to a different location then what might be expected when looking at the number. A non-fixed VoIP number is a number that can be routed to any geographic location and does not require a specific address.
Companies that use non-fixed VoIP numbers frequently implement them as their caller ID when making outbound calls so it appears that the call is from a particular area. It could have any area code or prefix, however when it is dialed and is routinely sent or routed to another phone number. These virtual numbers are typically used for calls in a different geographic location then where the company resides. By taking advantage of virtual numbers with recognizable area codes businesses can expand virtually with little expense. People calling that number do not realize that their call may end up being answered in a totally different area, rather than what appears to be in their local community. Businesses appreciate non-fixed VoIP numbers as they remain an efficient solution for servicing customers in locations where they don't have a physical premise. However, because non-fixed numbers are easy to get and do not require a business address or any other documents, they have become favored with scammers and fraudsters.
Fixed VoIP is an Internet based phone line associated with a physical address, either a business or a residence. Fixed VoIP lines have replaced many traditional phone lines. Since the service is VoIP these fixed VoIP numbers are portable, meaning they can be easily relocated. The IP phone or ATA (Analog Telephone Adapter) that is used with the provider only needs an internet connection to connect up and start making and receiving calls. Ordinarily the account holder will update their physical location in their account information which is critical for E911.
Fixed VoIP numbers can be assigned numbers chosen with an area code and prefix that links to a physical geographic area. For instance, an office in the Brookline Boston area requests a new local phone number located inside the 617 area code. They might get a phone number of 617-355-xxxx, where the 355 is one of many central office codes for that area. Customers who consider signing up with a particular VoIP provider often demand a local number if they are not porting their own number.
A non-fixed VoIP phone line is not associated with a physical address. Google voice and Skype are examples of a non-fixed VoIP service. There are distinct advantages with non-fixed VoIP with one primary benefit being a company does not need a business address. Setup is practically instantaneous and several solution providers offer the service totally free. There are many other types of these non-fixed VoIP services that can be setup with just a credit card or other payment method and an email address. They offer flexibility and can be easily disposed of, as well.
Non-fixed VoIP numbers have become a favored choice for robocall operations and sadly those individuals or groups involved in fraudulent activities. Regrettably, the precise nature of these numbers offers a level of disguise and an ability to conceal true identities. Frequently these enterprises operate from offshore locations and can be difficult to trace. On a encouraging note, the FCC has initiated laws requiring phone companies to combat illegal robocalls and malicious caller ID spoofing.
On June 9, 2020 The FCC and the Federal government proposed a $225 million fine against two Houston telemarketers for a billion insurance related robocalls with spoofed numbers intended to deceive consumers.
Caller ID spoofing is using a caller ID that is someone else's number as a deception. Usually, numbers are picked that appear to be local or recognizable to the person that is being called. By using a trusted number, the call then appears to be more sincere. If the spoofed number is called, it will go to the actual number owner who is most likely not be aware of the sham. The FTC has recently setup an expanded website FTC Complaint Assistant where scam calls can be reported.